vitalism

[From Latin vitalis: relating to life or living things.]

  1. (metaphysics) The belief (opposed to materialism and determinism) that human beings are not merely physical but contain a spiritual component or vital essence. In practice, vitalism involves a dualism of matter and life. Usually used in reference to certain views popular during the late 19th century in reaction against the rise of Darwinism.

The Ism Book by Peter Saint-Andre

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